Timeline for development and spread of Buddhism


time line 01 (Buddha's birth)_150 Birth of the Buddha
Birth of the Buddha, c. 566 BCE in Lumbini in modern-day Nepal
China Buddhists celebrate the Buddha’s birthday on the 8th of the 4th month in the lunar calendar.
time line 02 (Buddha's death)_150 Death of the Buddha
Death of the Buddha, c. 486 BCE in modern-day Kushinagar, India
time line 03 (King Asoka)_150 Asoka
Buddhism flourishes in India under King Asoka, c. 272-231 BCE
time line 04 (Patna)_150 Third Council at Patna
Third Council of Buddhist Monks at Patna, India c. 250 BCE
time line 05 (Bijar)_150 Bijar
First carving of monumental shrines at Bijar, India c. 272-231 BCE
time line 06 (Bactria)_150 Bactria
Buddhist settlement at Bactria (modern-day Afghanistan), 0-100 CE
time line 07 (Gandhara)_150 Gandhara
Mahayana schools develop at Gandhara (modern-day Pakistan), 0 – 100 CE
time line 08 (Luoyang)_150 White Horse Temple
White Horse temple at Luoyang (in modern-day Henan province, China), c. 68 CE
time line 11 (An Shih-Kao)_150 Master An Shi Gao
An Shi Gao translates scriptures to Chinese in Luoyang (modern-day Henan province, Chinese), 148 CE
time line 12 (Giaur Kala)_150 Giaur Kala (Merv)
Buddhist shrines at Giaur Kala (Merv or modern-day Mary in Turkmenistan), 200s CE
time line 13 (Bamiyan)_150 Bamiyan
c. 300s CE, 53 meter Buddha carved in Bamiyan cliffs, Afghanistan
time line 14 (Kabul)_150 Buddhist art found in Kabul Valley
Buddhist art found in Kabul Valley, Afghanistan, 300s CE
time line 15 (Kumarajiva)_150 Kumarajiva
Kumarajiva at text translation bureau, Chang’an (modern-day Xi’an, China), 344 – 413 CE
time line 16 (Mogao)_150 Mogao Caves
Mogao Caves begun by monks at Dunhuang (modern-day Gansu, China), 366 CE
time line 18 (Korea)_150 Korea
Buddhism transmitted to Korea, 400s CE
time line 19 (Kizil)_150 Kizil Caves
Buddhist caves established at Kizil (modern-day Kucha, Xinjiang Province, China), 450 – 750 CE
time line 20 (Luoyang)_150 Longmen Caves
Longmen cave artwork begun at Luoyang, 494 CE
time line 21 (Bodhidharma)_150 Bodhidharma
Persian monk Bodhidharma, first patriarch of the Chan school (modern-day Mount Song, Henan Province, China), 500s CE
time line 22 (Luoyang)_150 Processions in Luoyang
Buddha’s birthday image processions in Luoyang, 503 – 528 CE
time line 23 (Japan)_150 Japan
Buddhism migrates from China and Korea to Japan, 600s CE
time line 24 (Xuanzang)_150 Xuan Zang
Chinese monk Xuan Zang’s journey to India, c. 629 CE
time line 25 (Tibet)_150 Tibet
Buddhism in Tibet takes on local traditions, 800 – 1300 CE
time line 26 (Marco Polo)_150 Marco Polo
Marco Polo introduces Buddhism to Europe (Venice), 1254-1324 CE
time line 27 (America)_150 San Francisco
Immigrants bring Buddhism to San Francisco, North America, 1899 CE
time line 28 (Taiwan)_150 Master Hsing Yun
Master Hsing Yun establishes Fo Guang Shan in Taiwan, 1967 CE
time line 29 (Hsi Lai)_150 Hsi Lai Temple, Los Angeles
Hsi Lai Temple founded near Los Angeles, 1988 CE
time line 30 (central and south america)_150 Central and South America
Fo Guang Shan temples begin in Central and South America, 1992 CE
time line 32 (five continents)_150 Buddhist outreach to Five Continents
By 2000 CE, Fo Guang Shan expands outreach to Five Continents
time line 33 (tooth relic)_150 Tooth relic shrine in Taiwan
Fo Guang Shan’s tooth relic shrine completed, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 2011 CE

Pictures by Nancy Cowardin 2013

Timeline of Luoyang as China’s Capital
Luoyang is one of China’s ancient capitals.

Dynasty Dates # Years
Eastern Zhou 770-256 BCE 514
Eastern Han 25-220 CE 195
Wei (Three Kingdoms) 220-265 45
Western Jin 265-316 51
Sub-total 805
Northern Wei 495-534 39

Luoyang is the location of the first Buddhist temple in China, the White Horse Temple. The Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534) used Luoyang as its capital from 495 to 534. Luoyang is known for its peony flowers.
Buddhist Festivals
Image Processions
Image processions were a meeting point including the people in the procession, music from Kucha, and devotional societies.

Buddhist Literature Timeline

Compiled by Venerable Jue Wei of Fo Guang Shan Hsi Lai Temple